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INDEX

545

Mazanderan, province of, i. 3, 9, 33, 103,
I2i, 145, *83, 3*S> "- 54 *53> 165,
204, 216, 266, 268, 301, 346, 351

Mazdak, i. 478 ; massacre of his followers,
480 ; execution of, 487

Mebodes, Grand Vizier, i. 486

Mecca 5 importance of, ii. 2-3 ; sacred
atone at, 4 ; 5, 6 ; Abraha's march on,
7 , 8, 9, 13; Mohamad's " flight"
from, 14 j 15; Mohamed'a attempted
pilgrimage, 175 the "fulfilled pilgrim-
age," 18 5 captured by Mohamed, 19 ;
20 ; the "farewell pilgrimage" of
Mohamed, 20 ; 27, 41, 49, 50, 58, 73 j
sacked and Sacred Stonu removed, 87 ;
103, 249, 308, 309

Medes, the, i. XO2, 103 ; religion of, 106
etseg.; first mention of, 122 ; language
of, 127, 135 ; 148, 174, 182, 184, 209

Media, i. 3, 36 j the rise of, 120 et seq.;
Nisaean horses, 121 ; Ecbatana, the
capital, 126 ; expansion of, X28 j con-
quest of the Persians, 128-1295 Scythian
invasion, 130-131; 133 et seq. j war
with Lydia, 138 j Court luxury, 139 ;
141, 153, 154, *55 *7* *73i *8o,
187, 299, 307, 308, 311, 322, 326,
334, 336, 35* 353) 35& 37*, 39,
394-7 395 409> 4*4, 44*, 443, 45*
54, 544

Median Wall, i. 135, 241

Medina, i. 532, 534, 541; ii, 5, 6, 8 ;
Mohamed's "flight" to, 13-14 j Mo-
hamad's first mosque, 14-1$; siege of,
17 j 18, 24, 26, 27, 33, 37, 40, 43, 49,

$5; 94, 103* ^49

Mediterranean Sea, i. 310, 43 x j ii, 98
Megabyzus, Persian nobleman, i. 228, 229;

rebellion of, 231-232
Megalopolis, Battle of, i. 267
Megara, i. 2x7
Megiddo, i. 134
Mehdi, Caliph, ii. 64 j reign of, 66-67;

88
Mehdi Ali  Khan,  ii*  396; mission to

Persia, 397, 398
Mehdi Khan, Persian historian, ii. 339

footnote, 368

Mehdi, M/>tf, Persian accountant, ii, 381
Meherdates (son of Vonones), i. 400, 405
Mehraandost, Afghans defeated at, ii.

333-333

Mehrab, King of Kabul, i. 144

Melkarth (Tyrian deity), i. 270

Memnon, legend of, i, 55, 58

Memnon (Greek general in Persian ser-
vice), i. 262, 264, 266 \ death of, 267 5

305

Memphis, i. 168, 229, 245, 248
MenchikofF, Prince, 11.417
Mendesian Dynasty, i. 244.
Menelaus, I 314

VOL. n

Menon (Thessalian general), i. 237
Merdasas (son of Khusru Parviz), i. 527
Merhab, Jewish leader, ii. 18
Merk, W. R., ii. 305
Merkites, the, a Mongol tribe, ii. 149, 150
Mermnadae Dynasty, i. 136-137
Merodach, i, 161
Merv,i. 101, 102, 379, 544; ii. 32, 48,
5o> 53, 57. 58, 72, 73, 100, 104, 123 j
destroyed by Mongols, 155-1565 208,
2ir, 217, 227, 243
Mervdasht, i. 191
Merwan, the Caliph, ii. 50
Merwan II., ii. 57 ; death of, 59
Meshed, i. i, 8, xo, 22, 36, 37, 280, 284,
329,  514; ii. 46, 67, 71,  103, 104,
134, 185, 2ix j shrine of Imam Riza,
235-236;   242,   258;   Sahn-i-Kuhna,
300 j  the  Musalla,  302; capture  by
Nadir Kuli, 3425 359,414
Mesopotamia, i. 86, 87, 120, 273, 308,
311,  322,  323,  355,  356,  366, 374,
37 5> 395400,47 5 conquest by Trajan,
4x1-412 ; evacuation by Hadrian, 413,
414, 415, 417, 434, 435,436 ; conquest
by Carus,  4405   invaded   by Narses,
441; 445, 446, 450, 458, 467 ; perse-
cution under Yezdigird IL, 471; 481,
487, 488,  495,   5oo,   517,  518, 5I9
521 ; subjugated by Sad, 540 5 ii. 34,
59, 63, 72, 77, 167, 197, 220, 247
Metal work ; Persian, skill, ii. 294-295
Metaurus, Battle of, i. 340
Mevlevi, or ** Dancing Dervishes," ii. 230
Mian Kala, peninsula of, ii. 301
Midas, King, vide Mita of Mushki
Mihr-Narses, Persian Vizier, i. 471
Mikail (Seljuk chief), ii. 99
Miletus, i. 153,  200;  fall of, 201-202,
262, 266; 320
Miltladcs, i, 204, 227
Milton, i. 540; ii. 253, 270
Mina, valley, ii. 4
Minab, i. 33 ; ii. 277
Mingrelia, i. 363, 480
Minns, Ellis H., i. 179 footnote, 399 foot-
note
Minto, Lord, ii. 404, 405
Miran, Shah, soa of Tamerlaae, ii. 216
Mirkhond  (historian), i. 5x8 ;  ii.  219,
226, 270^footnote
Mita of Mushki, King, i. 136
Mitani, kingdom of, i, 86
Mithra, or Mithras, worship of, i. 105,
246-247, 398 j  in  Europe, 418-420;
436>437                             .   .   .    .
Mithradates (son-in-law of Darius), i. 265
Mithradates L, King of Parthia, i. 346,
347;   conquests of,   353-3545   3555
death o 356; 361, 401
Mithradates II., King of Parthia, i. 361,
362
2 N